Osgood-Schlatter Disease

What is Osgood-Schlatter Disease?

Osgood-Schlatter disease is not as bad as it sounds. It is characterised by the inflammation of the area just below the knee cap at the bony bump at the top of the shin bone (tibial tubercle). This is where the knee tendon (patella tendon)  attaches to the  top of the shinbone (tibia). The condition was named after Robert Osgood, an American orthopaedic surgeon and Carl Schlatter, a Swiss surgeon who described the disease. 

Osgood-Schlatter disease is a common cause of knee pain in active adolescents. It is an overuse injury, thus, it is caused by repetitive actions that put too much stress on bones and muscle. Osgood-Schlatter Disease can affect one or both knee.

Who gets Osgood-Schlatter Disease?

Osgood-Schlatter’s disease usually affects children who are having a growth spurt, between the ages of 9 and 16 years. It usually affects children that are involved in sporting activities particularly running and jumping sports. However, children who do not participate in sports can also suffer from Osgood Schlatter Disease. 

Signs and Symptoms

  • Anterior knee Pain
  • Swelling
  • Pain increases with activities
  • Pain decreases with rest
  • Pain is typically over the the bony bump at the top of your shin bone (tibial tubercle

Physical Therapy Treatment 

  • Applying Ice to the area to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Modification of sporting activities depending on the severity of the pain
  • Stretching Exercises
  • Strengthening Exercises

If you think your child might be suffering from Osgood-Schlatter Disease, Seek advice from your GP or a therapist for proper diagnosis and rehabilitation.